Strokes occur when the circulation to the brain is cut off and the brain dies. The blood supply is cut off because the blood vessel is clogged or closed or there is bleeding in the brain.

Strokes can cause paralysis and speech problems but the extent of damage depends how much of the brain is damaged and how quickly the stroke is treated.

There can be no damage from a stroke to partial paralysis and the inability to speak. Strokes are also a major cause of death.

Remember FAST -this is how you can tell that you may behaving a stroke:
F – Face is the face uneven or does it droop on one side?
A – Arm is there weakness in an arm or numbness, does one arm drift down when held out?
S – Speech is the person having trouble speaking?
T – Time if there are signs of a stroke seek help immediately. The sooner the treatment the better the chances of recovery.

There are the various treatments a stroke may involve:

  • Medicine to break up blood clots
  • Medicine to prevent blood clots
  • Discontinuation of blood thinning medications, for strokes that involve bleeding in the brain
  • Surgery
  • Carotid Endarterectomy, or clearing blockages in the neck arteries
TIA is a Transient Ischemic Attack and is like a stroke but no permanent brain damage occurs. This occurs as the blood vessel in the brain is blocked only for a short time, and re-opens. A TIA is a warning that a larger stroke may occur.

Stroke prevention includes the following:

  • Stop smoking
  • Get regular exercise
  • Lose weight if overweight
  • Eat a smart diet low in fat and rich in fruits and vegetables
  • Less salt
  • Limit alcohol
  • Good blood pressure control
  • Cholesterol medications, usually a statin
  • Blood thinner such as aspirin
  • Good diabetic control
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Windward Vein, Heart, Medispa